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ORIGINAL ARTICLES
Year : 2021  |  Volume : 10  |  Issue : 4  |  Page : 222-228

The effect of H7 acupressure on amniocentesis anxiety in pregnant women: A randomized controlled trial


1 Department of Radiology, School of Medicine, Birjand University of Medical Sciences, Mashhad, Iran
2 Department of Midwifery, School of Nursing and Midwifery, Birjand University of Medical Sciences, Birjand, Iran
3 Department of Midwifery, School of Nursing and Midwifery, Mashhad University of Medical Sciences, Mashhad, Iran

Correspondence Address:
Mahla Salarfard
Department of Midwifery, School of Nursing and Midwifery, Birjand University of Medical Sciences, Birjand.
Iran
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None


DOI: 10.4103/nms.nms_114_21

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Background: Amniocentesis is the most common invasive procedure for diagnosing fetal abnormalities. Most pregnant women are anxious about fetal abnormalities and screening tests. Objectives: This study was conducted to determine the effect of H7 acupressure on amniocentesis anxiety in pregnant women. Methods: This clinical trial was conducted on 56 pregnant women candidates for amniocentesis. In the intervention group, acupressure was performed at H7 acupoint for 5 min in each hand, 30 min before amniocentesis, and then daily for 10 days. The control group did not receive any intervention. Data collection was done using a demographic questionnaire, the Spielberger state-trait anxiety inventory, and a daily acupressure recording checklist. Data were analyzed using the independent samples t-test, Chi-square test, repeated measures analysis, Bonferroni post hoc test, and paired t-test. Results: The mean state anxiety scores in the intervention group were 38.70 ± 5.64 and 30.22 ± 6.70 immediately and 10 days after amniocentesis. However, at the same times, the mean state anxiety scores in the control groups were 49.03 ± 2.30 and 50.86 ± 2.01, respectively, which were significantly higher than the intervention group (P < 0.001). The mean scores of trait anxiety were significantly lower in the participants of the acupressure group than the control group 10 days after amniocentesis (P < 0.001). Conclusion: The H7 acupressure could be effective in reducing state and trait anxiety in pregnant women during amniocentesis and when they are waiting for the test results.


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