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ORIGINAL ARTICLE
Year : 2022  |  Volume : 11  |  Issue : 3  |  Page : 198-202

The effect of resilient counseling on the symptoms of premenstrual syndrome among adolescent girls in Hamadan, Iran, 2018: A clinical trial


1 Department of Midwifery, Mother and Child Care Research Center, School of Nursing and Midwifery, Hamadan University of Medical Sciences, Hamadan, Iran
2 Department of Psychology, Faculty of Economic and Social Sciences, BU-Ali Sina University, Hamadan, Iran
3 Department of Biostatistics, School of Public Health, Hamadan University of Medical Sciences, Hamadan, Iran

Correspondence Address:
Seyedeh Zahra Masoumi
Department of Midwifery, Mother and Child Care Research Center, School of Nursing and Midwifery, Hamadan University of Medical Sciences, Hamadan
Iran
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None


DOI: 10.4103/nms.nms_3_22

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Background: Premenstrual syndrome (PMS) is one of the most common causes of poor performance in girls and women. Objectives: The aim of this study was to examine the effect of group resilience counseling on PMS severity in adolescent girls. Methods: A randomized controlled trial was conducted on 120 high school girls in Hamadan, Iran. Participants were recruited conveniently and randomly assigned to an intervention group (n = 60) and a control group (n = 60). The intervention group participated in eight 1-h resilience counseling sessions, whereas the control group received no intervention. Data were collected using a demographic characteristics form, the Premenstrual Symptoms Screening Tool, and the Connor-Davidson Resilience Scale. The primary and secondary outcome measures were PMS severity and resilience score. The independent samples and paired samples t-tests were used to analyze the data. Results: Most of the participants in the intervention and control groups had severe PMS symptoms at baseline (61.7% and 63.3%, respectively). However, after the intervention, the majority of the intervention group reported mild (36.7%) or moderate (46.4%) symptoms (P < 0.001). No significant changes occurred in the control group. The mean total resilience score in the intervention group increased from 50.5 ± 14.9 to 67.3 ± 15.2 (P < 0.001). Conclusion: Resilience counseling for girls with PMS can reduce the severity of PMS.


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