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Year : 2022  |  Volume : 11  |  Issue : 3  |  Page : 203-208

Hand hygiene compliance by nurses and midwives during the COVID-19 pandemic: An observational study in Southern Iran

1 Department of Nursing and Midwifery, Nursing and Midwifery School, Jiroft University of Medical Sciences, Jiroft, Iran
2 Department of Infectious Diseases and Tropical Medicine, School of Medicine, Jiroft University of Medical Sciences, Jiroft, Iran
3 Social Factors In Health Promotion Research Center, Hormozgan Health Research Institute, Hormozgan University of Medical Sciences, Jiroft, Iran

Correspondence Address:
Neda Dastyar
Shahid Hajghasem Solymani Square, Jiroft University of Medical Sciences, Jiroft
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None

DOI: 10.4103/nms.nms_1_22

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Background: Despite frequent recommendations from the World Health Organization (WHO), hand hygiene compliance (HHC) is an ongoing challenge among health care workers (HCWs). Objectives: This study aimed to evaluate the HHC in Iranian nurses and midwives during the COVID-19 pandemic. Methods: This observational study was conducted on 200 nurses and midwives working in two hospitals in Jiroft, Iran in 2021. Data were collected using a demographic information checklist and the WHO Hand Hygiene Observation Form. Data analysis was performed using the MannWhitney U, Chi-square, Kruskal-Wallis, and Spearman correlation coefficient tests. Results: The average percentage of HHC in the nurses and midwives was 51.3%. HHC before touching the patient and before doing a clean/aseptic procedure was at the lowest rate (33.5% and 49%, respectively) but was at the highest rate (81.8%) after a body fluid exposure risk. Conclusions: The HHC rates were low among nurses and midwives during the COVID-19 pandemic. It is essential to implement interventions to promote HHC in HCWs, especially in pandemic conditions.

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