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Year : 2022  |  Volume : 11  |  Issue : 4  |  Page : 247-252

Challenges of living with an implantable cardioverter-defibrillator: A qualitative content analysis

Patient Safety Research Center, School of Nursing and Midwifery, Clinical Research Institute, Urmia University of Medical Sciences, Urmia, Iran

Correspondence Address:
Parivash Karimi
School of Nursing and Midwifery, Urmia University of Medical Sciences, Urmia
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None

DOI: 10.4103/nms.nms_27_22

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Background: Living with an implantable cardioverter-defibrillator (ICD) in the body can be challenging for patients. Identifying these challenges is, therefore, crucial for health promotion. Objectives: This study was conducted to explore the challenges experienced by patients living with an ICD. Methods: A qualitative content analysis study was conducted on 24 patients with an ICD. Purposive sampling and individual semi-structured interviews were conducted to collect the study data. After transcribing the interviews, content analysis was performed to analyze the data. Results: The participants were aged 35–60 years. Their education level varied between primary and tertiary levels. The participants had an ICD for an average of 35.70 ± 11.36 months. Three themes emerged, including “feeling disabled,” “problematic adaptation,” and “Financial constraints.” These themes indicated the most important challenges experienced by the participants. Conclusion: Patients with an ICD suffer more from psychological and financial problems than physical problems. Nurses and other health-care workers play a key role in supporting these patients.

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