Nursing and Midwifery Studies

ORIGINAL ARTICLES
Year
: 2021  |  Volume : 10  |  Issue : 4  |  Page : 222--228

The effect of H7 acupressure on amniocentesis anxiety in pregnant women: A randomized controlled trial


Mahyar Mohammadifard1, Mahla Salarfard2, Marzieh Samieean3 
1 Department of Radiology, School of Medicine, Birjand University of Medical Sciences, Mashhad, Iran
2 Department of Midwifery, School of Nursing and Midwifery, Birjand University of Medical Sciences, Birjand, Iran
3 Department of Midwifery, School of Nursing and Midwifery, Mashhad University of Medical Sciences, Mashhad, Iran

Correspondence Address:
Mahla Salarfard
Department of Midwifery, School of Nursing and Midwifery, Birjand University of Medical Sciences, Birjand.
Iran

Background: Amniocentesis is the most common invasive procedure for diagnosing fetal abnormalities. Most pregnant women are anxious about fetal abnormalities and screening tests. Objectives: This study was conducted to determine the effect of H7 acupressure on amniocentesis anxiety in pregnant women. Methods: This clinical trial was conducted on 56 pregnant women candidates for amniocentesis. In the intervention group, acupressure was performed at H7 acupoint for 5 min in each hand, 30 min before amniocentesis, and then daily for 10 days. The control group did not receive any intervention. Data collection was done using a demographic questionnaire, the Spielberger state-trait anxiety inventory, and a daily acupressure recording checklist. Data were analyzed using the independent samples t-test, Chi-square test, repeated measures analysis, Bonferroni post hoc test, and paired t-test. Results: The mean state anxiety scores in the intervention group were 38.70 ± 5.64 and 30.22 ± 6.70 immediately and 10 days after amniocentesis. However, at the same times, the mean state anxiety scores in the control groups were 49.03 ± 2.30 and 50.86 ± 2.01, respectively, which were significantly higher than the intervention group (P < 0.001). The mean scores of trait anxiety were significantly lower in the participants of the acupressure group than the control group 10 days after amniocentesis (P < 0.001). Conclusion: The H7 acupressure could be effective in reducing state and trait anxiety in pregnant women during amniocentesis and when they are waiting for the test results.


How to cite this article:
Mohammadifard M, Salarfard M, Samieean M. The effect of H7 acupressure on amniocentesis anxiety in pregnant women: A randomized controlled trial.Nurs Midwifery Stud 2021;10:222-228


How to cite this URL:
Mohammadifard M, Salarfard M, Samieean M. The effect of H7 acupressure on amniocentesis anxiety in pregnant women: A randomized controlled trial. Nurs Midwifery Stud [serial online] 2021 [cited 2022 Jan 21 ];10:222-228
Available from: https://www.nmsjournal.com/article.asp?issn=2322-1488;year=2021;volume=10;issue=4;spage=222;epage=228;aulast=Mohammadifard;type=0